TOURIST MAP OF KODAIKANAL
Kodaikanal is a city in the hills of the Dindigul district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.Its name in the Tamil language means "The Gift of the Forest". Kodaikanal is referred to as the "Princess of Hill stations" and has a long history as a retreat and popular tourist destination. Kodaikanal was established in 1845 as a refuge from the high temperatures and tropical diseases of the plains.Much of the local economy is based on the hospitality industry serving tourism. It is not known who first used this name or what they intended it to mean.
The word Kodaikanal is actually an amalgamation of two words: Kodai and Kanal. And the Tamil language has at least four possible interpretations of the name "Kodaikanal". By pronouncing the first syllable of Kodaikanal with a long Tamil 'O', as in koe-dei, it means summer, whilst the final two syllables: kanal, in Tamil can mean to see, rendering 'Kodaikanal' as a 'place to see in Summer'. Kodaikanal is a summer forest, and it is also a place that the first missionaries to settle used as a refuge to escape the overbearing and mosquito-ridden heat of the plains - a place that they would have counted on seeing in the summer!"Kanal", The earliest residents of Kodaikanal were the Palaiyar tribal people. The earliest specific references to Kodaikanal and the Palani Hills are found in Tamil Sangam literature of the early Common era.Modern Kodaikanal was established by American Christian missionaries and British bureaucrats in 1845, as a refuge from the high temperatures and tropical diseases of the plains.In the 20th century a few elite Indians came to realise the value of this enchanting hill station and started relocating here.Tourism has been impacted by industrial pollution issues including the closure of a mercury factory owned by Unilever's Indian subsidiary Hindustan Unilever after evidence of widespread mercury pollution. To date no proper clean-up operation has been mounted.
KODAIKANAL GENERAL INFO
POPULATION : 100674 ( 2001Censes)
ALTITUTE : 2,133 - Metres above sea level
RAINFALL : 165cms (average)
TEMPERATURE : Summer - Max :29.0°C Min : 16 .0°C | Winter - Max : 21.30°C Min : 9.0°C
BEST SEASON : April to June, and September to October, but can be visited throughout the year.
CLOTH : Light woollens in the evening during summer and heavy woollens during winter.
AREA : 21.45 sq.kms
LANGUAGES : Tamil and English
STATE : Tamil Nadu
DISTRICT : Dindigul
ISD CODE : + 91
STD CODE : + 04542